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USGS Surface-Water Daily Data for Massachusetts

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ICE EFFECTS ON STREAMFLOW

The formation of ice on rivers can cause discharge values to appear unusually high. Display of these erroneous discharge data may result in improper assessment of flow conditions and misuse of the data. For this reason, display of discharge values for streams significantly affected by ice may be disabled from view. Display of discharge data will resume when ice conditions are no longer present. Discharge values for streams minimally affected by ice will continue to be displayed. Flows for streams with these conditions appear to increase during the night and decrease to near-base-line conditions around midday. To estimate the correct discharge for these streams, use the flow rate that corresponds to the bottom of the discharge curve, rather than the peak that corresponds to the top of the curve. Note that this method of estimation is possible only when no surface runoff is occurring. Daily mean discharges for periods of both significant and minimal ice-effect will be estimated and published in the Annual Water-Data Report for the water year in which they occurred.



Choose Site Selection Criteria
Choose from the following criteria to constrain the number of sites selected.   By default, the "Site-type" criterion is preselected below and will default to surface water on the following page.   If no additional site-selection criteria are chosen and no additional specifications are defined on the following page then output will be for all 274 surface water sites that have daily values data.

Surface-water daily data example.

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