USGS Water-Year Summary 2023
02486000 PEARL RIVER AT JACKSON, MS
LOCATION - Lat 32°16'53", long 90°10'44" referenced to North American Datum of 1983, in NW 1/4 NE 1/4 NE 1/4 sec.15, T.5 N., R.1 E., Rankin County, MS, Hydrologic Unit 03180002, Choctaw Meridian, on left bank at downstream side of bridge on U.S. Highway 80 at eastern city limits of Jackson, 0.4 mi downstream from Illinois Central and Gulf Railroad bridge, 0.4 mi downstream from Town Creek, 4.2 mi upstream from Richland Creek, and at mile 287.0.
DRAINAGE AREA - 3,171 mi².
- WSP 662: Drainage area. WSP 1504: 1903, 1909. WSP 1906: 1902(M). WDR MS-87-1: 1984.
PERIOD OF RECORD - June 1901 to December 1912 (prior to October 1901 and for 1913 water year, gage heights only), August 1928 to current year. Daily mean gage heights published since October 1971. Gage-height records collected at Woodrow Wilson Bridge, 0.6 mi upstream, 1904 to 1971 are contained in reports of National Weather Service.
GAGE - Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is 233.70 ft above NGVD of 1929. Prior to Dec. 31, 1913, and Aug. 15, 1928 to Sept. 14, 1934, nonrecording gage. Prior to Oct. 1, 1975, at site at Woodrow Wilson Bridge, 0.6 mi upstream, at datum 1.20 ft higher. Since Oct. 1, 1962, supplementary water-stage recorder and concrete control at Jackson waterworks pumping plant, 3.8 mi upstream (channel change). Datum of supplementary gage is 239.40 ft above sea level (currently inactive).
EXTREMES OUTSIDE PERIOD OF RECORD - According to information by local residents and from newspaper records, the flood of Apr. 25, 1874, reached a stage of 37 ft and the flood of Dec. 5, 1880, reached a stage of 36 1/2 ft, at former site and datum. The flood of Apr. 21, 1900, reached a stage of 36.7 ft, according to the Alabama and Vicksburg Railroad plans confirmed by local residents.