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Water-Year Summary for Site 08404000

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  • Water-Year Summary reports summarize a year of hydrologic data in a printer-friendly format.
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Available Parameters
00060 Discharge(Mean)  

Water year 2021: 2020-10-01 to 2021-09-30

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USGS Water-Year Summary 2021
LOCATION - Lat 32°28'51.08", long 104°15'46.73" referenced to North American Datum of 1983, Eddy County, NM, Hydrologic Unit 13060011, on right bank 4,800 ft downstream from Avalon Dam, 4.5 mi northwest of Carlsbad, and at mile 466.3.
DRAINAGE AREA - 18,080 mi². (approximate contributing area)
PERIOD OF RECORD - January 1906 to March 1907 (published as "at Avalon"), June 1951 to current year.
GAGE - Water-stage recorder with satellite telemetry. Elevation of gage is 3,130 ft above NGVD of 1929, from topographic map. Jan. 1906 to Mar. 1907, nonrecording gage at site 0.5 mi upstream at different datum.
REMARKS - Water years 2014-2020; records good except for estimated discharges, which are fair. Flow completely regulated by Lake Avalon (station 08403800) 0.9 mi upstream. Diversions and ground-water withdrawals upstream from station for irrigation of about 198,000 acres, 1959 determination. Station bypassed by Carlsbad Main Canal (station 08403500). No flow most of the time.
EXTREMES OUTSIDE PERIOD OF RECORD - Flood of Oct. 2, 1904, caused in part by failure of Avalon Dam, probably exceeded 90,000 ft³/s, and is probably the greatest flood since 1842. A major flood occurred Aug. 3, 1893, and was described as "greatest in 50 years"; it damaged McMillan Dam, then under construction, and washed out the original Avalon Dam. Another major flood occurred Aug. 7, 1916, discharge 70,000 ft³/s, at site 6.5 mi downstream.